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    What Is Reverse Osmosis & How Does it Work?


    What Is Reverse Osmosis & How Does it Work?


    If you want to take your water filtration system to the next level, look no further than reverse osmosis. You may be scratching your head right about now, wondering, “What is reverse osmosis, and what does it have to do with my water?” Let us explain how it works and explore the benefits of reverse osmosis water.

    How Does Reverse Osmosis Work?

    One of the most common uses for reverse osmosis is desalination, which is the process of removing salt from seawater to make it safe to drink. But what does reverse osmosis mean?

    Reverse osmosis happens when pressure is applied to a highly concentrated solute solution (in this case, the saltwater) to force it through a semi-permeable membrane that allows only water to pass through.   This process leaves a higher concentration of solute (salt) on one side and only the solvent (freshwater) on the other. What it boils down to is cleaner, fresher-tasting water.

    how do reverse osmosis systems workThe same reverse osmosis method can be applied to help remove other minerals, substances, and impurities from the water that runs throughout your house. In a typical reverse-osmosis water filtration system, water first flows through a prefilter to remove larger sediment (sand and dirt, for example) and then through an activated carbon filter, which reduces chlorine taste and odor.

    In the reverse osmosis stage, water flows across a semipermeable membrane that separates the water from the dissolved solids that may be present.  What you are left with is cleaner, great-tasting water that is virtually free of dissolved solids. Advanced reverse-osmosis products may also include additional filtration stages depending on the system and the user’s needs.

    Is Reverse Osmosis Water Better for You?

    Reverse osmosis filtration doesn’t just ensure great-tasting water; it also can help ensure that the water your household depends upon is cleaner and safer.

    Reverse osmosis can filter out many of contaminants currently found in tap water. That said, reverse osmosis has a greater impact on some substances than others. What is not reduced by reverse osmosis? Contaminants such as chloramine, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and “forever chemicals” such as PFOS and PFOA are less effectively removed by reverse osmosis alone. However, with additional filtration layers in addition to reverse osmosis (such as Culligan’s Total Defense Cartridge), advanced reverse osmosis systems also can address these potentially harmful components.

    Bottom line: If you’re looking for peace of mind with the water you and your family consume every day, the advanced, multistep filtration offered by reverse osmosis systems can provide it.

    Culligan Reverse Osmosis Filtration Systems

    The best reverse osmosis system for your home will depend upon your water use, space requirements and budget. Culligan applied its more than 80 years of water-treatment expertise in developing proprietary reverse osmosis membranes and incorporates these in a variety of reverse osmosis systems designed to offer flexibility and uncompromising quality:

    • Aquasential® Smart Reverse Drinking Water Filtration System: The Aquasential Smart RO is certified to reduce 58 contaminants and offers up to 7 stages of filtration and 12 filter options. Smart technology lets you track water consumption and contaminants reduced. You can also see cost savings and bottles saved from reduced use of single-use plastic water bottles.
    • Aquasential® Reverse Osmosis Drinking Water System: Get an unlimited supply of cleaner, safer water with a system that’s customized to your home’s specific water needs. Certified to reduce 60 contaminants, the system is designed for easy setup and maintenance. An optional integrated monitor light on your faucet can indicate when it’s time to change filters, which can last up to two years.
    • Aquasential® Tankless Reverse Osmosis System: The unique tankless design delivers the quality water your home depends on without taking up extra space under your sink. The filtration system reduces dissolved solids in your water by up to 95% and provides over 600 gallons of cleaner, safer drinking water per day.

    What kind of maintenance is required with a reverse osmosis system? As with any water-filtration system, RO systems need periodic maintenance to continue operating at maximum effectiveness. The Water Quality Association notes that for RO systems, this involves replacing prefilters, postfilters and reverse osmosis membrane modules. With Culligan RO drinking-water systems, smart sensors can let you know when components need to be replaced, so you’re not removing them too soon or too late.

    Reverse Osmosis Water: A Step Forward for Your Drinking Water

    Reverse osmosis is one of the most effective ways to “broad-treat” your water—to address the widest range of potential contaminants and impurities in your home’s drinking water. Reverse osmosis filtration can help provide peace of mind for your family for today and tomorrow.

    Your home’s specific water filtration needs will depend on what’s present in your water and the taste/odor/quality issues you want to address. To learn more about your home’s water quality—from water hardness to the presence of undesired chemicals—a water test is the best first step.

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